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近五年高考英语完形填空高频动词大汇总,高三一定要看!

 

完形填空以考察动词、名词、形容词和副词为主,不仅涉及到对文章上下文语境的理解,更会考察对以上四类词中近义词的辨析。今天,小编把近五年高考英语完形填空中涉及到的几乎所有高频动词总结出来,供同学们对比记忆!

1.“看”:look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV

2. “说”:telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; chat; repeat; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain

3. “叫”:cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel

4. “问”:ask; interview; express; question

5. “答”:answer; respond; reply

6. “听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear

7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing

8. “哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying

9. “吃/喝”:eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to

10. “穿”:put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove

11. “行”:walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl

12. “坐”:sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat,stand; lean

13. “睡/休息”:lie /on one’s back/on one's side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest

14. “写”:dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down

15. “拿/放”: take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push

16. “抓”:take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch

17. “打”:hit; beat; strike; blow; attack

18. “扔”:throw; drop; fall; wave; shake

19. “送”:send; deliver; give; offer; see off

20. “摸/抱”:ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms

21. “踢/碰”:kick; knock; tip

22. “找/查”:find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for;seek,seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect

23. “得”:get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess

24. “失”:lose; be lost /be missing/gone; great loss

25. “有”:have; own; conquer; occupy;possess

26. “无”:nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone

27. “增/减”:rise / go up,drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

28. “买/卖”:buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts

29. “存在/消失”:come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight

30. “变化”:develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour;turn + colour; change /change into; reform

31. “成功/失败”:make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality

32. “努力”:try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do one's best; do as much as one can to do

33. 祝贺:congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together

34. 敬佩:admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy ;be jealousy

35. 赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of

36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore

37. 到达:arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for

38. 受伤:hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss

39. 损坏:damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken

40. 修复: repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself

41. “认识的过程” :feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to

42. 认为;判断:think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt

43. 想/考虑:think of…as...; think about; consider; think over

44. 支持/反对:agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against

45. 花费:sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ (in) doing sth; sb+afford +n/to do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth.

46. 省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away

47. 参加:take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against

48. 控告:accuse sb. of; charge sb. with

49. 救治/帮助: help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth;assist sb in doing sth

50. 逃避:run away; escape from; flee; hide

51. 阻止/禁止:prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit

52. 对付/处理:handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle

53. 效仿:copy; imitate; learn from; learn

54. 爆发/发生:come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode

55. 安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with

56. 追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with

57. 建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade

58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do

59. 似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like;as if /as though

60. 开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down

 

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